DiffuserCam: Lenseless single-exposure 3D imaging

Nick Antipa

(UC Berkeley)

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Date: January 22, 2019


Traditional lenses are optimized for 2D imaging, which prevents them from capturing extra dimensions of the incident light field (e.g. depth or high-speed dynamics) without multiple exposures or moving parts. Leveraging ideas from compressed sensing, I replace the lens of a traditional camera with a single pseudorandom free-form optic called a diffuser. The diffuser creates a pseudorandom point spread function which multiplexes these extra dimensions into a single 2D exposure taken with a standard sensor. The image is then recovered by solving a sparsity-constrained inverse problem. This lensless camera, dubbed DiffuserCam, is capable of snapshot 3D imaging at video rates, encoding a high-speed video (>4,500 fps) into a single rolling-shutter exposure, and video-rate 3D imaging of fluorescence signals, such as neurons, in a device weighing under 3 grams.

Created: Monday, January 27th, 2020